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Korean J Urol Oncol > Volume 14(1); 2016 > Article
The Korean Journal of Urological Oncology 2016;14(1): 27-31.
제주지역 비뇨기계암발생율 추이(1999-2012)
박경기1, 김성대1, 김영주1, 김현주2, 허정식1
제주대학교 의학전문대학원 1비뇨기과학교실, 2가정의학교실
Trends in Urogenital Cancer Incidence in Jeju (1999-2012)
Kyung Kgi Park 1, Sung Dae Kim 1, Young-Joo Kim 1, Hyeon Ju Kim 2, Jung-Sik Huh 1
Departments of 1Urology, 2Family Medicine, Jeju National University Graduate School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
Published online: April 30, 2016.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
Incidence of cancer has been increasing each years. The incidence of genitourinary cancer are also being increased. We aim to describe the time trends in genitourinary cancer incidence in Jeju province.
Materials and Methods:
Age-standardized rates for incidence of genitourinary tract cancer in Korea and world standard population were calculated using the databases from the Jeju Cancer Rigistry from 1999 to 2012.
Results:
Cancer incidence in Jeju was increased approximately 2-fold from 1217 cases 1999 to 2376 cases in 1999. Prostate cancer occurred most frequently followed by bladder tumor, and kidney cancer in 2012. In the prostate cancer, incidence was increasing every year from 18 cases in 1999 to 110 cases in 2012. Age-standardized incidence rate(ASR) was approximately four time increased, from 3.0 cases in 1999 and 11.2 cases in 2012. Incidence of bladder cancer were 43 cases in 1999 and 27 cases in 2012, ASR of bladder cancer was increased from 5.0 cases in 1999 to 7.5 cases in 2012. Kidney cancer showed constantly reducing the incidence. Peak is 60 cases in 2009 and recent incidence was 37 cases in 2012. There was no significant change in the incidence of testicular cancer, ureter cancer, renal pelvis cancer from 1999 to 2012.
Conclusions:
Incidence of cancer has been increasing in Jeju, similar to other area In Korea. Prostate cancer is the most common urological cancer in Jeju province, and kidney cancer incidence is recently decreasing. We should try to prevent genitourinary tract cancer caused obesity and smoking. (Korean J Urol Oncol 2016;14:27-31)
Key Words: Genitourinary cancer; Prostate cancer; Incidence; Jeju
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