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Korean J Urol Oncol > Volume 6(3); 2008 > Article
The Korean Journal of Urological Oncology 2008;6(3): 107-110.
고위험 비근육침윤성 방광암의 추적관찰
홍준혁
울산대학교 의과대학 비뇨기과학교실
Follow-up of High Risk Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Tumor
Jun Hyuk Hong
Department of Urology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
Published online: December 1, 2008.
ABSTRACT
Non-muscle invasive bladder tumors, especially high-risk group, have a high predilection for the developing muscle invasion and metastasis.This group has been defined as bladder cancers with multiple T1 G2, Ta/T1 G3, carcinoma in situ characteristics. EAUguideline recommended the stratification of patients to low, intermediate and high-risk groups for recurrence and progression using numbers and size of tumors, recurrence rate, T stage, CIS, and grade. When the initial resection is incomplete or when a high-grade or T1 tumor is detected, a second TUR should be considered.We should have close follow-up scheme to predict high-risk group to progress to invasive or metastatic disease and to decrease the mortality associated with bladder tumors. (Korean J Urol Oncol 2008;6:107-110)
Key Words: Urinary bladder neoplasms; Risk factors; Recurrence; Disease progression
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